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A hazardous material is any substance or material which has been determined by the Secretary of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce. The Hazardous Materials Table (HMT) in Section 172.101 lists all the possible proper shipping names for the substances or materials that have been designated as hazardous materials, according to this definition.

While all the information above is important to know, the real question is: can your employees put it into practice? Can they identify a chemical on the table and identify hazards associated with it? Grab a copy of the HMT and find section Sec. 101. Next, use the activity below to test employees’ knowledge, and then hold a discussion after to clear up any confusion.

What’s the solution?

Locate the entry Ammonia solution, relative density less than 0.880 at 15 degrees C in water, with more than 50 percent ammonia in the Sec. 172.101 HMT.

Answer the following questions about this hazardous material:

  1. What is the proper shipping name?
  2. Are the words in italics required to be used?
  3. What is the hazard class or division of this material?
  4. What is the identification number?
  5. What does the UN indicate preceding the identification number?
  6. Why is no packing group indicated?
  7. What does the D mean in Column 1?
  8. What does None mean in Column 8A?
  9. What does 304 mean in Column 8B?
  10. Are there any modal requirements for this material? If so, how do you know?