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TRENDING FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
RegSenseWaste/HazWasteTrending FAQsWater ProgramsEnvironmental Protection Agency (EPA)Best ResultsFAQEnvironmentalWater QualityWater ProgramsEnglishFocus AreaUSA
The permit will require the facility to sample its discharges and notify EPA and/or the state regulatory agency of these results. Also, the permit will require the facility to notify EPA or the state when the facility determines it is not in compliance with the requirements of a permit. EPA and state regulatory agencies will send inspectors to companies in order to determine if they are in compliance with the conditions imposed under their permits.
Federal laws provide EPA and authorized states with various methods of taking enforcement actions against violators of permit requirements. For example, EPA and state regulatory agencies may issue administrative orders which require facilities to correct violations and that assess monetary penalties. EPA and state agencies may pursue civil and criminal actions that may include mandatory injunctions or penalties, as well as jail sentences for persons found willfully violating requirements and endangering the health and welfare of the public or environment. Further, the general public can enforce permit conditions. If any member of the general public finds that a facility is violating its NPDES permit, that person can independently start a legal action, unless EPA or the state regulatory agency has already taken an enforcement action.
RegSenseFederal Motor Carrier Safety RegulationsTrending FAQsBest ResultsFAQCommercial motor vehicle definitionCommercial motor vehicle definitionEnglishFocus AreaBusiness planning - Motor CarrierUSA
There are two different definitions of “commercial motor vehicle” (CMV) in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. Which definition applies depends on which regulations are being referenced.
The basic definition of a CMV is found in Sec. 390.5 and refers to a vehicle used in interstate commerce. According to this definition, a CMV is a vehicle that:
- has a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR), gross combination weight rating (GCWR), gross vehicle weight (GVW), or gross combination weight (GCW) of 10,001 pounds or more, whichever is greater;
- is designed to transport more than 8 passengers (including the driver) for compensation;
- is designed to transport more than 15 passengers (including the driver) and is not used to transport passengers for compensation; or
- is of any size and is used in the transportation of hazardous materials.*
The regulations in Parts 390 through 396 apply to drivers of vehicles meeting this definition. These regulations include driver qualification, hours of service, and inspection and maintenance requirements, among others.
A different CMV definition is used in Parts 382 and 383, the regulations dealing with the commercial driver’s license and drug and alcohol testing. This CMV definition refers to vehicles used in interstate or intrastate commerce. According to this definition, a CMV is a vehicle that:
- has a GCWR or GCW of 26,001 pounds or more, whichever is greater, inclusive of a towed unit with a GVW or GVWR of more than 10,000 pounds, whichever is greater;
- has a GVW or GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more;
- is designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver; or
- is of any size and is used in the transportation of hazardous materials.*
Drivers must have a CDL and undergo drug and alcohol testing if they drive vehicles meeting the definition stated above.
*Note: Hazardous materials means any material that has been designated as hazardous under 49 U.S.C. 5103 and is required to be placarded under subpart F of 49 CFR part 172 or any quantity of a material listed as a select agent or toxin in 42 CFR part 73.
RegSenseHazardous WasteWaste IdentificationWaste GeneratorsWasteTrending FAQsWasteBest ResultsFAQSolid WasteEnglishFocus AreaUSA
More than 60,000 industrial facilities in the United States produce and manage an estimated 7.6 billion tons of non-hazardous industrial waste. A waste is defined as nonhazardous if it does not meet the definition of hazardous waste and is not subject to hazardous waste regulations in Subtitle C of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Defining a waste as nonhazardous under RCRA does not mean that the management of this waste is without risk, however.
Industrial waste is process waste associated with manufacturing. These wastes come from the broad spectrum of American industries. This waste usually is not classified as either municipal waste or hazardous waste by federal or state laws. Although state, tribal, and some local governments have regulatory responsibility for ensuring proper management of industrial waste, their regulatory programs vary widely.
Almost 97 percent of industrial waste is wastewater managed in surface impoundments. The remainder is managed in landfills, waste piles, and land application units. Most of these wastewaters are treated and ultimately discharged into surface waters under Clean Water Act permits issued by EPA or state governments (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, or NPDES, permits).
Non-hazardous industrial waste is regulated under Subtitle D of RCRA. Federal requirements for non-hazardous industrial waste facilities or practices are found in 40 CFR Part 257, Subparts A and B.
Key steps to managing industrial waste
Understand and comply with all existing federal, state, or tribal regulations, permits, and operating agreements that apply to a waste management unit.
Thoroughly characterize constituents and concentrations in your waste. Waste characterization is the foundation for choosing and implementing tailored, protective management practices.
Take advantage of pollution prevention opportunities. Pollution prevention, recycling, and, to some extent, treatment, can minimize reliance on waste disposal, reduce disposal costs, and reduce future costs and liabilities for closure and post closure care and potential corrective action. Pollution prevention can also conserve raw materials.
Build partnerships between all stakeholders who have an interest in waste management decisions. Keep stakeholders informed and involved on an ongoing basis.
Tailor management practices to the wastes and the environmental setting of the unit. Key factors to take into account include siting, operation, design, monitoring, corrective action, closure, and post closure care. EPA recommends risk-based approaches to choose liner systems and waste application rates for ground-water protection and to evaluate the need for air controls.
RegSenseHazardous WasteWaste IdentificationWaste GeneratorsUnderground Storage TanksTrending FAQsTank SystemsSatellite AccumulationAboveground Storage TanksWasteMedical WasteBest ResultsFAQUsed OilEnglishFocus AreaTank SystemsUSA
To safely manage hazardous waste, you must know exactly what constitutes a waste, how it will act, and what its properties are. Is the waste extremely toxic? Do workers need special protection? Is the waste corrosive, or will it corrode certain types of containers? Is the waste incompatible with other wastes ? will it react (explode, catch on fire) if mixed with another waste or with water?
Once a waste is generated, you should characterize the waste before you place it in a container. Waste characterization can be done by either:
1) sampling and analyzing the waste, or
2) identifying the waste based on process knowledge (you know the constituents in the process and use that knowledge to determine if the resulting waste has characteristics that could make the waste hazardous).
Tips for Waste Characterization
Look at a material safety data sheet (MSDS) if it is available. Some information areas on the MSDS to look for include physical property, reactivity, fire and explosion hazard, and special protection information.
If a product used in a process meets one or more hazardous characteristics, the waste generated may exhibit some of the same characteristics.
Be aware of any changes in a production process which could alter the composition of the waste generated.
After you characterize the waste and know if the wastes are incompatible or reactive, select an appropriate container. When selecting a container, consider the amount of waste and type (characteristic) of waste.
First, consider the amount of waste you generate and accumulate. For example, if you produce 20 to 25 gallons of waste, use a 30-gallon drum instead of a 55-gallon drum. On the other hand, you might use a 55-gallon drum for storing contaminated gloves or coveralls.
When selecting the container, make sure that the waste won’t react with the container itself. For example, highly corrosive wastes will react with a steel drum ? the drum may fail and cause a waste release. How can you safely store corrosive wastes? Use plastic drums, or plastic-lined steel drums, to safely store corrosive wastes. To prevent drum failure, carefully “match” the right waste with the right container.
Tip for Container Selection: Consult a corrosion resistance guide to determine if the container and waste are compatible.
Consider one more thing when selecting a container. You can put wastes into unwashed containers that held incompatible wastes (under 40 CFR 265.177(b)). However, you must make sure that you meet the conditions specified in 265.17(b).
If you reuse a container that previously stored waste or other materials, make sure that the waste/material previously stored is compatible with the waste you intend to put in the container.
RegSenseSafety & HealthTrending FAQsFall ProtectionGeneral Industry SafetyWalking Working SurfacesFall ProtectionBest ResultsOccupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), DOLFAQLaddersEnglishFocus AreaUSA
The duty to have fall protection applies to fixed ladders that extend more than 24 feet above a lower level. This is found in 1910.28(b)(9). Employees are not required to use fall protection when working on portable ladders, nor when using fixed ladders at or under 24 feet.
Note that OSHA determines the height of a fixed ladder based on the total distance between the starting level and the top level, regardless of whether the climb consists of several sections. For example, if a climb consists of two off-set ladder sections of 20 feet each, the ladder would need fall protection because the total height is more than 24 feet.
For existing fixed ladders that extend more than 24 feet above a lower level and are erected before November 19, 2018, an employer has until November 18, 2036, to equip the fixed ladder with a ladder safety or personal fall arrest system.
A new fixed ladder that extends more than 24 feet above a lower level and is erected after November 19, 2018, must be equipped with a ladder safety system or personal fall arrest system.
The employer may use a cage or well in combination with a personal fall arrest system or ladder safety system provided that the cage or well does not interfere with the operation of the system.
Note: If an employer repairs or replaces any portion of a fixed ladder that is more than 24 feet above a lower level, the replacement is required to be equipped with a ladder safety or personal fall arrest system.
RegSenseElectronic logging device (ELD)Electronic logging device (ELD)Trending FAQsBest ResultsFAQEnglishFocus AreaUSA
The ELD rule applies to most motor carriers and drivers who are currently required to maintain records of duty status (RODS) per Part 395, 49 CFR 395.8(a). The rule applies to commercial buses as well as trucks, and to Canada- and Mexico-domiciled drivers.
The ELD rule allows limited exceptions to the ELD mandate, including:
- Drivers who operate under the short-haul exceptions may continue using timecards; they are not required to keep RODS and will not be required to use ELDs.
- Drivers who use paper RODS for not more than 8 days out of every 30-day period.
- Drivers who conduct drive-away-tow-away operations, in which the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered.
- Drivers of vehicles manufactured before 2000.
J. J. Keller is the trusted source for DOT / Transportation, OSHA / Workplace Safety, Human Resources, Construction Safety and Hazmat / Hazardous Materials regulation compliance products and services. J. J. Keller helps you increase safety awareness, reduce risk, follow best practices, improve safety training, and stay current with changing regulations.
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