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Preventive measures
  • Section 1910.1030 offers two preventive measures against bloodborne diseases — vaccination and universal precautions.

Preventive measures keep the spread of bloodborne-related diseases from happening. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) offers two preventive measures under 1910.1030:

  • Vaccination
  • Universal precautions

Vaccination can help to prevent the transmission of preventable diseases and keep employees on the job. Currently, OSHA only requires vaccination for hepatitis B to be made available to employees with occupational exposure, and it must be offered free of charge, at a convenient time and place, and by a licensed and qualified healthcare professional. The employee may decline the vaccine.

Using universal precautions is the practice of treating all human blood and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) as if they are known to be infectious for bloodborne pathogens. This approach ensures that employees exercise a high level of caution. It also guards privacy by avoiding any reason for workers to guess at or gauge anyone’s infection or risk status.