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OSHA says that a scissor lift is a mobile scaffold for which the platform only moves vertically; up and down. Scissor lifts do not include:
Scaffolds used in general industry must meet the requirements in 29 CFR 1926, Subpart L, Scaffolds. OSHA considers scissor lifts to be mobile scaffold and regulates them at 1926.452(w).
- 29 CFR 1910.27 — Scaffolds and rope descent systems
- 29 CFR 1926.452 — Additional requirements applicable to specific types of scaffolds ((w) Mobile scaffolds)
- 29 CFR 1926.454 — Training requirements
- Guardrail system: A vertical barrier, consisting of, but not limited to, toprails, midrails, and posts, erected to prevent employees from falling off a scaffold platform or walkway to lower levels.
- Mobile scaffold: A powered or unpowered, portable, caster or wheel-mounted supported scaffold.
- Scaffold: Any temporary elevated platform (supported or suspended) and its supporting structure (including points of anchorage), used for supporting employees or materials or both.
Summary of requirements
Employers need to ensure:
- Only trained persons are allowed to operate a scissors lift.
- Each employee who performs work while on a scaffold is trained by a person qualified in the subject matter to recognize the hazards associated with the type of scaffold being used and to understand the procedures to control or minimize those hazards.
- Each employee who is involved in erecting, disassembling, moving, operating, repairing, maintaining, or inspecting a scaffold is trained by a competent person to recognize any hazards associated with the work in question.
- Training for employees is done in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations for instruction, operation, and maintenance outlined in the operator’s manual for each lift.
- Refresher training is provided when there are observed deficiencies in operation, accident or near misses, or a different type of lift is used.
- Lifts are inspected prior to use and in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations in the operator’s manual.
- The operator’s manual is present on the lift at all times for operation, maintenance, and training needs.
- Fall protection is provided via manufacturers guardrails that meet OSHA requirements or personal fall protection if the guardrails are removed.
- Capacity limits as specified by the manufacturer are observed.
- Proper operation and use procedures are used.
- Weather precautions, such as high wind, are observed.
- Overhead hazards, such as power lines, are observed.
- Outriggers and other stability measures are used.
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['Cranes, Lifts, and Scaffolding']
['Scissor Lifts', 'Scaffolding']
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