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Title V permits, also called Operating Permits, are required under the Clean Air Act and are issued to all major sources of air pollution and to a limited number of smaller sources. Most Operating Permits are issued at the state or local level, although a few are issued by federal EPA (Part 71 permits). Permits include pollution control requirements from federal or state regulations that apply to a source.
Operating permits issued at the state level are known as Part 70 permits. State and local authorities have the primary responsibility to oversee part 70 permitting programs, including reviewing permit applications and issuing permits.
Title V permits are required for all major sources that:
Non-major sources may be required to obtain a Title V permit if the source:
In addition, chemical manufacturing and municipal solid waste landfills may need Title V permits.
Michigan’s requirements regarding clean air operating permits include some regulatory information beyond the federal requirements. In Michigan, these permits are known as Renewable Operating Permits (ROPs). A summary of the additional requirements includes:
Fees: Permit fees apply
Thresholds: Each “major source” is subject to Title V. Major sources emit or have the potential to emit 10 tons per year of any one hazardous air pollutant (HAP), 25 tons per year of any combination of HAPs, or 100 tons per year of any other regulated air contaminant (see Rule 211). Certain categories that have lower thresholds for an “area source” standard are also required to get an ROP.
Differences in regions: None