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Yes, OSHA may consider citing an employer under the General Duty Clause (Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act). While most industries are not OSHA-identified, high-hazard industries for workplace violence, a complaint, referral, or fatality and/or catastrophic event involving workplace violence may prompt an OSHA inspection.
Employers may be found in violation of the General Duty Clause if they fail to reduce or eliminate serious recognized hazards. Under OSHA directive CPL 02-01-058, inspectors will gather evidence to demonstrate whether an employer recognized, either individually or through its industry, the existence of a potential workplace violence hazard affecting his or her employees. Investigations may focus on whether feasible means of preventing or minimizing such hazards were available to employers. Employers should note that risk factors for workplace violence include, but are not limited to: working alone or in small numbers, working in high-crime areas, and guarding valuable property. Seventeen ways of preventing or minimizing workplace violence in any industry are listed in CPL 02-01-058.