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(a) Time for reply to the Notice of Claim. Respondent must serve a reply to the Notice of Claim in writing within 30 days following service of the Notice of Claim. The reply is to be served in accordance with §386.6 upon the Service Center indicated in the Notice of Claim.
(b) Options for reply. The respondent must reply to the Notice of Claim within the time allotted by choosing one of the following:
(1) Paying the full amount asserted in the Notice of Claim in accordance with §386.18 of this part;
(2) Contesting the claim by requesting administrative adjudication pursuant to paragraph (d) of this section; or
(3) Seeking binding arbitration in accordance with the Agency’s program. Although the amount of the proposed penalty may be disputed, referral to binding arbitration is contingent upon an admission of liability that the violations occurred.
(c) Failure to answer the Notice of Claim. (1) Respondent’s failure to answer the Notice of Claim in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section may result in the issuance of a Notice of Default and Final Order by the Field Administrator. The Notice of Default and Final Order will declare respondent to be in default and further declare the Notice of Claim, including the civil penalty proposed in the Notice of Claim, to be the Final Order in the proceeding. The Final Order will be effective five days following service of the Notice of Default and Final Order.
(2) The default constitutes an admission of all facts alleged in the Notice of Claim and a waiver of respondent’s opportunity to contest the claim. The default will be reviewed by the Agency Decisionmaker in accordance with Sec. 386.64(b), and the Final Order may be vacated where a respondent demonstrates excusable neglect, a meritorious defense, or due diligence in seeking relief.
(3) Failure to pay the civil penalty as directed in a Final Order that has become Final Agency Order constitutes a violation of that order, subjecting the respondent to an additional penalty as prescribed in subpart G of this part. [Change Notice][Previous Text]
(d) Request for administrative adjudication. The respondent may contest the claim and request administrative adjudication pursuant to paragraph (b)(2) of this section. An administrative adjudication is a process to resolve contested claims before the Agency Decisionmaker, Administrative Law Judge, or Hearing Officer. Once an administrative adjudication option is elected, it is binding on the respondent.
(1) Contents. In addition to the general requirements of this section, the reply must be in writing and state the grounds for contesting the claim and must raise any affirmative defenses the respondent intends to assert. Specifically, the reply:
(i) Must admit or deny each separately stated and numbered allegation of violation in the claim. A statement that the person is without sufficient knowledge or information to admit or deny will have the effect of a denial. Any allegation in the claim not specifically denied in the reply is deemed admitted. A mere general denial of the claim is insufficient and may result in a default being entered by the Agency decision maker upon motion by the Field Administrator.
(ii) Must include all known affirmative defenses, including those relating to jurisdiction, limitations, and procedure.
(iii) Must state which one of the following options respondent seeks:
(A) To submit written evidence without hearing; or
(B) An informal hearing; or
(C) A formal hearing.
[50 FR 40306, Oct. 2, 1985, as amended at 56 FR 10183, Mar. 11, 1991; 70 FR 28481, May 18, 2005; 88 FR 80182, Nov. 17, 2023]